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PREPARING FOR HAVDALAH
To perform the Havdalah ceremony, you will need:
A full cup of wine or grape juice
A plate upon which to place the cup of wine or grape juice
A bit of sweet smelling spice
A braided, multi-wick candle
like an old newspaper, to place on the table to catch the wax as it
drips from the candle.
Before reciting the Havdalah,
place the cup on the plate, and pour the wine or grape juice into the cup.
Continue to pour until the wine spills over a bit onto the plate. Have
the spice handy. Light the candle. Someone other than the person reciting
the Havdalah can hold the candle. The cup is lifted with the right hand
and the recitation begins.
THE TEXT OF THE HAVDALAH CEREMONY
Verses of Salvation
The ceremony begins with quotations from the Bible. The common theme of these verses is salvation. The experience of salvation is one of simple joy coupled with spiritual ascent. This is what we pray for in the beginning of the Havdalah ceremony.
Hinay, El yishu'ati evtach velo efchad, ki azi vezimrat Yah, Adonai, va'yehi li lishu'a.
Behold, God is my savior, I will trust Him and not be afraid, for my strong faith and song of praise for God will be my salvation.
U'she'avtem ma'yim besason, mima'a'yenay ha'yeshu'a.
You will draw water joyously from the wellsprings of salvation.
La'Adonai ha'yeshu'a, al amcha virchatecha, Selah.
Salvation is the God's; may Your blessing rest upon Your people, Selah.
Adonai Tzeva'ot imanu, misgav lanu, Elohay Ya'akov, Selah.
God of the heavenly armies is with us; the Lord of Ya'akov is a fortress protecting us, Selah.
Adonai Tzeva'ot, ashray adam botay'ach bach
God of the heavenly armies, happy is the individual who trusts You.
Adonai hoshi'ah, hamelech ya'anaynu ve'yom kor'aynu.
God, redeem us! The King will answer us on the day we call Him.
La'yehudim ha'yetah orah vesimcha vesason vikar,
The Jews had light, happiness, joy and honor;
kayn te'hi'yeh lanu.
may we have the same.
Kos yeshu'ot esa u'veshaym Adonai Ekra.
I will raise the cup of salvation and call out in the name of the God:
The Blessings of Havdalah
Baruch atah, Adonai, Elohaynu melech ha'olam, boray pri hagafen.
Blessed are You, God, our Lord, King of the universe, Creator of the fruit of the vine.
Baruch atah, Adonai, Elohaynu melech ha'olam, boray minay vesamim.
Blessed are You, God, our Lord, King of the universe, Creator of the different spices.
Baruch atah, Adonai, Elohaynu melech ha'olam, boray me'oray ha'aysh.
Blessed are You, God, our Lord, King of the universe, Creator of the fire's lights.
Baruch atah, Adonai, Elohaynu melech ha'olam, hamavdil
Blessed are You, God, our Lord, King of the universe, who separates
bayn kodesh lechol
between the holy and the profane;
bayn or lechoshech
between the light and dark;
bayn Yisra'el la'amim
between Israel and the other nations;
bayn yom ha'shevi'i leshayshet yemay hama'aseh.
between the seventh day and the six days of the week.
Baruch atah, Adonai, hamavdil bayn kodesh lechol.
Blessed are You, God,
who separates between the holy and the profane.
As we begin another week
with the recitation of Havdalah, the differences between
Shabbat and the rest of the week are called to mind. The wine reminds us of Kiddush.
The sweet smell of the spices calls up the memory of the delicious Shabbat meals. The
light of the multi-wicked candle is but a poor, rough re-enactment of lighting the sublime
Shabbat candles. The content of the Havdalah ceremony forces us to contemplate the
many ways that Shabbat is unique and different from the rest of time. Havdalah
prepares us for another week of work, creation, production and study; but it also
reminds us that another Shabbat is just six days away.
Reciting Havdalah on Saturday
night, when Shabbat ends, is one of the 613
commandments (Mitzvot) of the Torah.
To learn more about the
Mitzvah aspect of Havdalah, especially if women are obligated,
"Havdalah" is a Hebrew word meaning "separation."
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